Historically, numerical analysis has formed the backbone of supercomputing for decades by applying mathematical models of first-principle physics to simulate the behavior of systems from subatomic to galactic scale. Recently, scientists have begun experimenting with a relatively new approach to understand complex systems using machine learning (ML) predictive models, primarily Deep Neural Networks (DNN), trained by the virtually unlimited data sets produced from traditional analysis and direct observation. Early results indicate that these “synthesis models” combining ML and traditional simulation, can improve accuracy, accelerate time to solution and significantly reduce costs.
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Table Of Contents
Applying Machine Learning In HPC
Three Approaches To Applying Machine Learning In HPC
Machine Learning Use Cases In HPC
Application Of Model Modulation At ITER
Figure 1: The Synthesis Of Numerical Analysis And Machine Learning Can Create New Predictive Simulation Models
Figure 2: Machine Learning Can Improve Neutrino Detection By Combining Simulation Results From Different Models To Produce A Superior Model
Figure 3: Bose-Einstein Condensate Achieved Convergence After Only 10-12 Experiments Using Machine Learning, Compared To 140 Experiments Using the Traditional Approach
Figure 4: Example Use Cases For Synthesis Modeling
Figure 5: Spinning Black Holes Create Gravitational Waves, Ripples In The Fabric Of Space And Time. Machine Learning Is Now Enhancing Our Understanding Of These Phenomena
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